People with bipolar disorder experience extraordinarily high and low moods and changes in behaviour, energy, thinking, and sleep. More than 5.7 million adults have bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder can be a severe issue as it causes risky behaviour that leads to suicidal tendencies in a person.
Bipolar disorder develops in a person in late adolescence or at the age stage of adulthood. When a person feels very high, that is said to be “mania”. The symptoms of mania bipolar disorder include- euphoric mood, poor concentration, sleeplessness, racing thoughts, extreme irritability, spending sprees, increased energy, restlessness, talking fast, abuse of drugs and intrusive or aggressive behaviour etc. When a person feels very low, that is said to be “depressive”. Feeling of hopelessness, decreased energy, fatigue, change in appetite, restlessness or irritability, feeling sad, forgetfulness, talking slowly, anxiety, thoughts of suicide, difficulty in making decision and feeling of guilt etc., are the symptoms of depressive bipolar disorder in a person.
Bipolar disorder cannot be diagnosed by blood test or brain test. At present, it can be predicted from the symptoms only. Bipolar I disorder, Bipolar II disorder, Bipolar disorder not otherwise specified (BP-NOS) and Cyclothymiacs disorder are mainly four types of bipolar disorder.
Bipolar disorder can be treated through medication or through psychotherapy (talk therapy). Medications to treat bipolar disorder include- mood stabiliser, antipsychotic drugs, anti-anxiety drugs or sleep medicine etc. Psychotherapy to treat bipolar disorder includes- cognitive behavioural therapy, interpersonal social rhythm therapy and psychoeducation.