Stress: Signs, Symptoms, Causes, Management, Prevention, and Treatment by Dr Shri Niwash Jangir

What is stress?

Stress is an emotional or physical state that is always present in the person, and a person can be influenced by various factors such as psychological and social. Stress can be positive or negative. Stress is the result of both outsides or inside the body factors. Stress is our body’s way of responding to any kind of threat or demand. Stress can be said as any type of change that causes emotional, physical or psychological strain. Our nervous system isn’t very good at differentiating between physical and emotional threats. Just look at an example- if we are super-stressed over an argument with a family member or friend, work deadline or burden of bills, our body reacts just strongly as we face the situation. Stress disrupts every organ of our body, even if it sometimes leads to serious health issues. Stress leads to the following health issues to a person

  • Anxiety and depression
  • Can cause any pain
  • Insomnia
  • Autoimmune disease
  • Digestive problem
  • Heart disease
  • Mental issues
  • Reproductive problems
  • Eczema
  • Weaken our immune system

Types of stress

The following are the types of stress.

Chronic Stress

is a high level of stress for an extended period. In today’s world, chronic stress is very common in human beings. Chronic stress is hazardous to health and can have a negative impact on a person’s life. Chronic stress contributes to the following

  • High blood pressure
  • Anxiety
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Weak immune system
  • depression

Acute stress

Acute stress is short term stress that happens to everyone. It is the body’s immediate reaction to any challenging situation. We encounter acute stress in day to day life. It is not that dangerous to our health. It gets treated automatically after time passes.

Episodic acute stress

Episodic acute stress is frequent episodic stress a person may suffer. People suffering from episodic acute stress always feel under pressure and think that everything is going wrong. Episodic acute stress can affect physical and mental well being.

Symptoms of Stress

It is essential to be aware of the early symptoms or signs of stress before it becomes more dangerous to your health.

The following are the early symptoms of stress

Cognitive symptoms

The cognitive symptoms of stress include memory, inability to concentrate, poor judgment, constant worrying, racing or anxious thought, and thinking negatively.

Physical symptoms

The physical symptom of stress includes the following- ache or pains, nausea, dizziness. Chest pain, frequent flu or cold, diarrhoea or constipation and loss of sex drive

Emotional symptoms

The emotional symptoms of stress include general unhappiness, depression, anxiety, mood swings, irritability, sudden anger, loneliness, and other emotional health issues.

Behavioural symptoms

Sleeping too much or little, eating more or less, using alcohol, drugs or cigarettes to relax, neglecting responsibilities and nervous habits like nail biting etc., are some of the behavioural symptoms of stress.

Causes of stress

The pressure and situations that cause stress are known as stressors. Internal factors or external factors can raise stress.

Internal cause of stress

The self-generated issues come under the internal factors that cause stress. The following are some internal causes that lead to stress.

  • Relationship difficulties
  • Financial problems
  • Being too busy
  • Overthinking
  • Issues of work-life
  • Major life changes

External causes of stress

The stress can be generated through external factors. The following are the external causes that lead to stress.

  • Inability to accept uncertainty
  • Negative self talk
  • Pessimism
  • Lack of flexibility
  • Unrealistic expectation
  • Rigid thinking
  • All-or- nothing attitude

Tips to overcome stress

The following are the tips a person can follow to overcome his stress

  • Accept the things that you can’t change
  • Make time for fun and relaxations
  • Always think positive
  • Avoid unnecessary stress
  • Don’t think too much
  • Adopt a healthy lifestyle
  • Take a proper sleep
  • Make time for hobbies
  • Do regular exercise
  • Talk about your problems with your close ones
  • Eliminate your triggers
  • Regularly do breathing exercise
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Spend more time with family and friends
  • Join laughter club

Treatment for stress

The following are treatments available to reduce stress.

1.Cognitive behaviour therapy

Cognitive behaviour therapy helps understand the thought pattern of a stressed person and recognises the trigger points that cause stress. If you live in Jaipur, you can consult with Dr Shri Niwash Jangir for cognitive behaviour therapy for stress and depression treatment.

2.Medication

Several medicines are available to reduce the stress of a person. Take stress medicine only if prescribed by your doctor.

3.Eco-therapy

Eco-therapy is a way to boost self-esteem and to be a stressed person. A stressed person can feel relaxed when he spends time in nature.

4.Complementary therapies

Complementary therapies mean therapies that relax and help you to manage the feeling of stress. Complementary therapies include- medication and yoga.