Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe mental illness characterised by abnormal behaviour, disordered thoughts, and antisocial behaviour. It is a mental disorder in which a person faces difficulty in identifying reality. Schizophrenia is associated with thought problems known as psychosis, in which the person's thinking is disconnected from reality at times. In addition to medical problems and other mental health problems, people with schizophrenia disorder are more likely to commit suicide or engage in other self-harming activities. Men tend to experience their first episode of schizophrenia between 18-25 years of age, while women peak between 25-30 years of age and again around 40 years of age. Schizophrenia that begins after 40 years of age is considered late-onset schizophrenia.
In general, schizophrenia symptoms fall into the following categories:
A positive symptom is a change in behaviour or thought patterns, such as delusions or hallucinations.
The following are the positive symptoms of schizophrenia
The person appears emotionless, rarely engage in social interaction, and retreats from the world around them.
People with schizophrenia experience negative symptoms such as:
There are four main types of schizophrenia, each characterised by symptoms that are unique to the individual. The following are the types of schizophrenia disorder.
Paranoid-This type of schizophrenia is characterised by delusions, hallucinations, and paranoid behaviours. Someone with paranoid traits exhibits feelings of being watched or targeted, or these traits are linked with a noteworthy individual, such as a politician or celebrity. Anger, anxiety, and hostility are common symptoms of paranoid-type schizophrenia. Mental functioning and emotional expression are usually relatively normal for the person.
People with disorganised schizophrenia may display disorganised behaviours or strange language that is difficult to understand. There is a possibility that they will react inappropriately based on inappropriate emotions or reactions. They may neglect or disrupt daily activities such as eating, hygiene, and working because of their disorganised thoughts.
The catatonic type of schizophrenia exhibits disturbances in movement. It is possible for people who have this type of schizophrenia to move all over the place or remain immobile. Sometimes they may remain silent for hours, while others may repeat everything you say or do. People with catatonic-type schizophrenia often exhibit these behaviours because they cannot care for themselves or complete daily tasks.
An individual who has had at least one episode of schizophrenia in the past but currently has no symptoms (hallucinations, delusion, disorganised speech, or behaviours) is classified as having residual-type schizophrenia. The person may be in incomplete remission or may at some point resume symptoms.
There is no known cause of schizophrenia. However, schizophrenia is an actual illness with a biological basis, just like cancer and diabetes. Several factors may increase the likelihood of someone developing schizophrenia, including:
Antipsychotic medications-Brain chemistry is affected by these medications. Their action affects the level of chemicals believed to be responsible for the disorder.
Many psychosocial treatments can aid in the treatment of behavioural, psychological, social, and occupational problems related to schizophrenia. While medications can help relieve symptoms, psychosocial treatments can help with the difficulties associated with the disorder. Therapy can also teach patients how to manage their symptoms, detect early warning signs of relapse, and create a relapse prevention plan. There are several psychosocial therapies available, including
A combination of medication and psychosocial therapy is used in this treatment. In addition, it includes education, employment counselling, and family integration. Treatment focuses on reducing symptoms, managing periods of high activity, and improving quality of life.Tips for tackling schizophrenia
Here are the tips that will help you to tackle schizophrenia
Although schizophrenia treatment can be available all over India, you can get the best treatment for schizophrenia only at Pink Vinayak Hospital. Dr Shri Niwash is among the top mental health specialist in India. He can deliver the best therapies and medication to get rid of schizophrenia disease. Dr Shri Niwash can provide the best mental disorder treatment in a different and modern way.
Dr Niwash only goal is to deliver quality and care treatment for the people who have a mental illness.
Dr Niwash is a qualified and experienced psychiatrist who has a vast knowledge of psychiatry. He delivers the best therapies to patients who are suffering from schizophrenia or any other mental illness. His friendly and calm behaviour makes the patient sit calmly and get treatment.
Although medication is necessary for the treatment, Dr Niwash tries to deliver 80% of mental illness treatment with therapies.
He diagnoses and treats the patient suffering from schizophrenia and guides the family on how to deal with the patient at home.