Migraine - Symptoms, Stages, Tips to tackle it or reduce the pain and headache - Dr Shri Niwash Jangir

Migraine is an intense headache that often comes with nausea, vomiting, tiredness, temporary loss of vision, numbness, and more. It is a neurological disease. It occurs in stages and lasts for hours or several days. Migraine affects the person’s ability to do daily tasks.

Stages of Migraine

The following are the stages of Migraines.

1. Prodrome stage

It begins 1 to 3 days before the headache. This stage is known as the premonitory phase. This stage includes the following symptoms:-

  • Food craving
  • Depressed Mood
  • Hyperactivity
  • Irritability
  • Fatigue

Aura stage

In the aura stage, the person may face neurological symptoms. This stage can last from 5 to 60 minutes and usually happens before the headache. Not every migraine patient has an aura stage. This stage includes the following symptoms:-

  • numbness or tingling in the face or limbs
  • changes in speech
  • impairments or disturbances in taste, smell, or touch
  • weakness in the face or limbs
  • partial vision loss

Headache or main attack stage

This is the primary attack stage. In this, the person may have a severe and unbearable headache. The headache is usually on one side of the head. This stage includes the following symptoms:-

  • nausea
  • Getting out of control on small matters
  • vomiting
  • dizziness
  • mood changes
  • increased sensitivity to light & sound

Postdrome stage

This is the stage when the peak pain of headache has lessened. During this stage, the person may face pain in the entire body. This stage includes the following symptoms:-

  • fatigue
  • body ache
  • twirling
  • dehydration
  • trouble concentrating

Symptoms of the Migraine attack

The following are the symptoms of the migraine attack

  • Severe headache
  • Neck or shoulder pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Irritability
  • Temporary loss of vision
  • Intolerance of light & sound
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Fluid retention
  • Fatigue or tiredness
  • Vivid dreams

Tips for tackling Migraine

There could be endless reasons why migraines might hit you hard and have a toll on you. But, when that situation arises, you need to know some ways that could prove to be life-savers and can cure migraines. Here are some tips that might help you to tackle migraines.

1. Sit In A Relaxed Environment:

When migraine trouble you, the best you can do is sit in a relaxed environment and take a rest. You can switch off the lights and find your spot and relax.

2. Aroma Therapy:

Aromatherapy may help you to cope with migraines. Aromatherapy is the use of aromatic oils to relieve migraines. Use aromatic essential oils to improve the health of the body and mind.

Here are some aromatherapeutic oils that relieve/cure migraines:

  • Chamomile: Calms tension in muscles and aids headache.
  • Eucalyptus: Clears sinus and relieves a sinus headache.
  • Peppermint: Soothes pain
  • Rosemary: reduce stress and increase blood circulation.
  • Lavender: Relieves tension headache, lowers anxiety.

3. Cool Pack:

Cool packs are prominent to cure migraines. Use a pack of ice on your head for some time and get relief from migraines. The ice pack is the best way to reduce the pain and headache of migraines.

4. Know the Main Points or acupressure points

Acupressure can help you to cure migraines anytime. You can get relief from migraines instantly with just the technique of acupressure.

Here is the acupressure point to cure migraine

  • * The point situated between the thumb and index finger, the place that is called – the web.
  • * Gently pinch the area with the thumb and index finger of another hand for about 10 seconds.
  • * Then, make small circles, again for around 10 seconds.
  • * Next, repeat the same process on the 2nd hand as well.

5. Try mindful meditation

Meditation is the best way to get rid of migraines. Take time to sit and close your eyes. Concentrate on your breathing try to take a deep breath. Inhale the positivity around you and exhale the negativity inside you.

6. Stay hydrated

Dehydration is a migraine trigger, and replenishing fluids can restore your body’s balance of water. Stay hydrated all the time, as that will help you to cope with migraines.

7. Massage

Massage can help your head muscle relax. Gently massage near the pain and get rid of the severe pain.

8. Regular exercise

Exercise can improve blood circulation and reduce stress. Take a habit of regular exercise and stay calm always. The habit of regular exercise will help you to tackle migraines calmly.

9. Sleep Well

Take proper sleep of 6-8 hours to stay healthy and fit. Go to bed early and wake up early in the morning. Improper sleep can lead to stress & headache.